Mar 1, 1989

Galanin-induced hyperpolarization and decreased membrane excitability of neurones in mudpuppy cardiac ganglia

The Journal of Physiology
L M KonopkaR L Parsons


1. Membrane hyperpolarization and decreased excitability produced by galanin were investigated in vitro on parasympathetic postganglionic neurones in the cardiac ganglion of the mudpuppy, Necturus maculosus. 2. Galanin produced a slowly developing hyperpolarization which, in 2.5 mM-KCl, reversed at -105.4 +/- 2.7 mV. The reversal potential was shifted by 38.7 +/- 4.9 mV following a fourfold elevation of the extracellular potassium concentration. 3. Galanin inhibited action potential firing in spontaneously active neurones and decreased the number of spikes in a train produced by long (500-680 ms) depolarizing current pulses. Both effects were independent of the galanin-induced hyperpolarization. 4. Galanin increased the threshold for spike generation, prolonged the spike hyperpolarizing after-potential and decreased the maximum rate of rise, amplitude and maximum rate of fall of the sodium spike. These effects occurred independently of the galanin-induced hyperpolarization. 5. Galanin decreased the amplitude and duration of TTX-insensitive spikes initiated in cells maintained in a solution containing 9 mM-calcium, 20 mM-TEA and 1.5 microM-TTX. 6. These results suggest that a galanin-like peptide may act as an inhibitory transmi...Continue Reading

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