Feb 24, 1987

gamma-Aminobutyric acid opens Cl-channels in cultured astrocytes

Brain Research
H KettenmannM Schachner


Cultured astrocytes from cerebral hemispheres of early postnatal rats responded to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) with membrane depolarization. This depolarization was affected by changes in extracellular [Cl-] and depended on the membrane potential. The reversal potential of the GABA-induced depolarization was determined by double electrode voltage clamp or depolarization by elevated [K+]o and ranged between -38 and -53 mV. Cell input resistance decreased after addition of GABA with the same time course as the membrane depolarization. GABA responses were temperature dependent yielding a peak at about 14 degrees C. At higher temperatures a decrease in the GABA-induced depolarization was seen indicating that the depolarization may not be mediated by an enzyme-coupled carrier system. Addition of ouabain at different temperatures did not change the size of the GABA depolarization. This excludes the possibility that an electrogenic component of the temperature-sensitive Na+,K+-ATPase activity causes the decrease in GABA-dependent depolarization at higher temperatures. Intracellular [Cl-] was measured with Cl- sensitive microelectrodes and found to be higher than the value calculated for a free distribution according to the Nernst e...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
August Rats
PDZK1 gene
Salix - substance
Electric Conductivity
Cortical Cell Layer of the Cerebral Cortex

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