PMID: 3296Apr 1, 1976

Gamma-glutamyltransferase: Substrate inhibition, kinetic mechanism, and assay conditions

Clinical Chemistry
J H Stromme, L Theodorsen

Abstract

Gamma-glutamyltransferase activity in serum is shown to be competitively inhibited by the two substrates gamma-glutamyl-4-nitroanilide and glycylglycine. Awareness of this is of importance when one is choosing final reaction conditions for the assay of the enzyme. Gamma-glutamyltransferase probably acts by a "ping-pong bi-bi" kinetic mechanism, which fits with the double competitive substrate inhibition demonstrated. The product, 4-nitro-aniline, appears to be an uncompetitive dead-end inhibitor of both substrates. Various amino acids, particularly glycine and L-alanine, inhibit the enzyme. Their inhibition patterns are uncompetitive with glycylglycine and competitive with gamma-glutamyl-4-nitroanilide. On the basis of the present and other studies, the Scandinavian Society for Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Physiology is going to recommend for routine use a gamma-glutamyltransferase method in which the final concentrations of gamma-glutamyl-4-nitroanilide and glycylglycine are 4 and 75 mmol/liter, respectively.

Related Concepts

Anilides
Feedback - System Communication
Gamma-glutamyl transferase
Glycylglycine Monohydrochloride
Structure-Activity Relationship

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