Gamma radiation as a quarantine treatment for the Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera:Tephritidae)

Journal of Economic Entomology
M Mansour, Gerald Franz

Abstract

Effects of gamma radiation on the egg and larval stages of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), were examined. Eggs and larvae were exposed at different ages to a series of gamma radiation doses ranging from 5 to 1,280 Gy. Eggs in the 1st half of their development (1 and 24 h) were very sensitive to irradiation treatment (20 Gy prevented egg hatch). However, mature eggs (48 h old) were much more tolerant. When mature eggs were irradiated, a dose of 640 Gy prevented egg hatch. Pupariation of eggs treated at 1 and 24 h was significantly affected at a dose of 20 Gy; adult emergence of eggs at 1, 14, and 48 h was prevented at this dose. The larval stage was significantly more resistant to radiation than the egg stage. Survival to the pupal stage increased with increasing age of larvae, and decreased with increasing dose. The minimum dose required to prevent pupariation ranged from over 160 Gy for the 1st instar to > 640 Gy for mature 3rd instars. In contrast, doses required to prevent adult emergence from irradiated larvae were relatively low and ranged from 10-20 to 20-40 Gy depending on the age of the insects when irradiated. Tests in which > 100,000 mature larvae were treated in air with a dose of 40 Gy r...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Nodding Syndrome

Nodding Syndrome is a neurological and epileptiform disorder characterized by psychomotor, mental, and growth retardation. Discover the latest research on Nodding Syndrome here.

LRRK2 & Microtubules

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are risk-factors for developing Parkinson’s disease (PD). LRRK2 mutations in PD have been shown to enhance its association with microtubules. Here is the latest research.