Jun 1, 1968

Gas consumption and growth rate of Hydrogenomonas eutropha in continuous culture

Applied Microbiology
E C AmmannJ E Durichek


The bacterium Hydrogenomonas eutropha is under consideration for use in a regenerative life-support system for manned space missions of long duration. A 4-liter continuous culture unit containing the organism was operated for a period of 272 days under autotrophic environmental conditions. The best steady-state run achieved with this unit was observed over a 22-day time interval after 181 days of operation. During this time, the culture consumed an average of 22.9 +/- 2.0 ml of carbon dioxide per min, 38.1 +/- 3.3 ml of oxygen per min, and 128.5 +/- 10.6 ml of hydrogen per min. It required 18.7 +/- 1.2 liters of fresh nutrient medium per 24 hr to maintain a constant, preestablished cell population of 1.65 g (dry weight) per liter. The ratio of consumption of carbon dioxide, oxygen, and hydrogen varied from 1:1.2:4.5 to 1:1.9:6.6, with an average of 1:1.7:5.7. Based on these values, approximately 60 liters of the culture would be necessary to balance the gas exchange of one man.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Bacteriological Techniques
Life Support Systems, Regenerative
Day Time brand of APAP/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine
Carbon Dioxide
Cupriavidus necator
Environmental Illness

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