Aug 1, 1988

Gastric motor responses elicited by vagal stimulation and purine compounds in the atropine-treated rabbit

British Journal of Pharmacology
K BeckT Susini

Abstract

1. The effects of vagal inhibitory stimulation and of purine compounds were studied in the rabbit stomach. 2. Gastric motility was assessed by the balloon method. Vagal nerves were electrically stimulated at the neck. Purine compounds were injected intra-arterially. 3. In the atropine-treated rabbit, vagal stimulation caused relaxant motor responses followed by a rebound contraction. 4. Among the purine compounds, only ADP and ATP caused relaxant motor responses similar to the effects of vagal inhibitory stimulation. However, the relaxation produced by ATP was more powerful than that due to ADP, especially at lower infusion rates. 5. Vagal inhibitory responses were recorded during and after infusion of ATP. When relaxation by ATP was fully developed, vagal inhibitory stimulation was ineffective. At the highest infusion rates of ATP, a depression of the vagal inhibitory motility was also observed after cessation of the infusion. 6. Relaxant responses to ATP and vagal inhibitory stimulation were not influenced by theophylline, scarcely affected by alpha,beta-methylene ATP, but were reduced or blocked by reactive blue 2. 7. The results are consistent with ATP being an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the stomach of the rabbit.

Mentioned in this Paper

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Vagus Nerve Structure
Basilen Blue
Atropen
Monospan
Benzotriazines
Phosphaden
Intestinal Motility
magnesium-(alpha, beta-methylene)ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.