GDNF-expressing STO feeder layer supports the long-term propagation of undifferentiated mouse spermatogonia with stem cell properties

Scientific Reports
Xiang WeiXin Wu

Abstract

The development of a stem cell culture system would expedite our understanding of the biology of tissue regeneration. Spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) is the foundation for lifelong male spermatogenesis and the SSC culture has been optimized continuously in recent years. However, there have been many inconveniences to reconstruct SSC self-renewal and proliferation in vitro, such as the frequent refreshment of recombinant cytokines, including GDNF, the essential growth factor for SSC maintenance. In the present study, we observed that both STO and MEF cells, which were previously used as feeders for SSC growth, did not express GDNF, but a GDNF-expressing STO feeder could support undifferentiated mouse spermatogonia propagation in vitro for three months without the refreshment of recombinant growth factor GDNF. The cell morphology, growth rate and SSC-associated gene expression remained identical to the SSCs cultured using previous methods. The transplantation of SSCs growing on these GDNF-expressing STO feeders could generate extensive colonies of spermatogenesis in recipient testes, functionally validating the stemness of these cells. Collectively, our data indicated that the further modification of feeder cells might facilitate ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jul 4, 2018·Molecular Reproduction and Development·Beibei BieJin Sun
Apr 5, 2018·Biology of Reproduction·Hiroshi Kubota, Ralph L Brinster
Sep 24, 2019·Reproduction in Domestic Animals = Zuchthygiene·Huimin ZhaoShengsheng Lu

Methods Mentioned

BETA
ELISA
transgenic
transfection
fluorescence
PCR
confocal microscopy

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