DOI: https://doi.org/10.31705/faru.2020.9Aug 5, 2021Proceedings Paper

GENDER AND DISABILITY INCLUSION IN POST-DISASTER REBUILDING ‘BUILD BACK BETTER’ PROGRAMMES IN SRI LANKA: A LITERATURE REVIEW

A.P.K.D. MENDISYAMUNA KALUARACHCHI

Abstract

In the last decade, many South Asian developing countries have suffered natural disasters. Severe disaster destruction results in an overwhelming need to rebuild housing and infrastructure within a brief amount of time. United Nation Development Programme has sought to make this reconstruction program a "Build Back Better (BBB)" opportunity, hence gender inequality and marginalisation of people with disabilities remain a problem in many countries. Although the international community has sought to promote this resilience and inclusion, the Post-Disaster Rebuilding (PDR) process still overlooks these sectors of society and their needs. Therefore, this paper aims to bring in literature synthesis addressing gender and disability inclusion in PDR ‘BBB’ programmes in Sri Lanka. Besides, involvement in the mitigation of vulnerability and community resilience to disaster risks and relocation was found to play a significant role. Vulnerability and the risk of disasters can be dramatically reduced by ensuring a culture of disaster prevention and resilience for all segments of populations, particularly rural areas, girls and women, and the disabled. All aspects of socially inclusive, formal, and non-formal commitments are important to ta...Continue Reading

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