Oct 26, 2018

Gender Disparities Among Adult Recipients of Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in the Public

Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Audrey L BlewerResuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Investigators

Abstract

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) improves survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), yet BCPR rates remain low. It is unknown whether BCPR delivery disparities exist based on victim gender. We measured BCPR rates by gender in private and public environments, hypothesizing that females would be less likely than males to receive BCPR in public settings, with an associated difference in survival to hospital discharge. We analyzed data from adult, nontraumatic OHCA events within the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium registry (2011-2015). Using logistic regression, we modeled the likelihood of receiving BCPR by gender, including patient-level variables, stratified by location. A cohort of 19 331 OHCAs was assessed. Mean age was 64±17 years, and 63% (12 225/19 331) were male. Overall, 37% of OHCA victims received bystander CPR. In public locations, 39% (272/694) of females and 45% (1170/2600) of males received BCPR ( P<0.01), whereas in private settings, 35% (2198/6328) of females and 36% (3364/9449) of males received BCPR ( P=NS). Among public OHCAs, males had significantly increased odds of receiving BCPR compared with females (odds ratio, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.05-1.53; P=0.01); this was not the case in the privat...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Private Agency
Logistic Regression
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Hospital Mortality
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Site
Teens
Patient Discharge
Public Entity
Cardiopulmonary

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