Nov 17, 2014

In-cell destabilization of a homo-dimeric protein complex detected by DEER spectroscopy

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Janani IyerDaniella Goldfarb


The complexity of the cellular medium can affect proteins properties and therefore in-cell characterization of proteins is essential. We explored the stability and conformation of BIR1, the first baculoviral IAP repeat domain of X-chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP), as a model for a homo-dimer protein in human HeLa cells. We employed double electron-electron resonance (DEER) spectroscopy and labeling with redox stable and rigid Gd3+ spin labels at three protein residues, C12 (flexible region), E22C and N28C (part of helical residues 26-31) in the N-terminal region. In contrast to predictions by excluded volume crowding theory, the dimer-monomer dissociation constant KD was markedly higher in cells than in solution and dilute cell lysate. As expected, this increase was recapitulated under conditions of high salt concentrations given that a conserved salt bridge at the dimer interface is critically required for association. Unexpectedly, however, also the addition of a crowding agent such as Ficoll destabilized the dimer, suggesting that Ficoll forms specific interactions with the monomeric protein. Changes in DEER distance distributions were observed for the E22C site, which displayed reduced conformational freedom ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Candidate Disease Gene
Gene Deletion
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Candidate Gene Identification
DNA Copy Number Variations

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