Gene expression polymorphisms of interleukins-1 beta, -4, -6, -8, -10, and tumor necrosis factors-alpha, -beta: regression analysis of their effect upon oral squamous cell carcinoma
Functional DNA polymorphisms affecting gene expression and serum or saliva levels of interleukins IL-1 beta,-4,-6,-8,-10 and tumor necrosis factors TNF-alpha,-beta have been associated with increased risk for the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The present retrospective case-control study examines possible interactions between seven cytokine genotype polymorphisms and their combinatory effect in predicting the occurrence of OSCC in Caucasians. Three hundred and thirty Greeks and Germans were studied, consisting of 162 OSCC cases and 168 healthy controls of comparable age, gender, and ethnicity. A series of multivariate logistic regression models, adjusted for age and gender, was constructed in order to assess the contribution of homozygous or heterozygous variant genotypes of polymorphisms IL-1 beta (+3953C/T), IL-4 (-590C/T), IL-6 (-174G/C), IL-8 (-251A/T), IL-10 (-1082A/G), TNF-alpha (-308G/A) and TNF-beta (+252G/A) upon overall, early and advanced stages of OSCC development. The contribution of TNF-alpha and IL-6 was consistent and robust in almost all models constructed. Furthermore, when the mode of inheritance of each variant allele was taken into account in a "biological" multivariate logistic regress...Continue Reading
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Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Basal cell carcinoma is a form of malignant skin cancer found on the head and neck regions and has low rates of metastasis. Discover the latest research on basal cell carcinoma here.