Gene-microRNA network module analysis for ovarian cancer

BMC Systems Biology
Shuqin Zhang, Michael K Ng

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in many biological processes by regulating post-transcriptional gene expression. The alterations of the regulatory pathways can cause different diseases including cancer. Although many works have been done to study the gene-miRNA regulatory network, the intertwined relationship is far from being fully understood. The objective of this study is to integrate both gene expression data and miRNA data so as to explore the complex relationships among them. By integrating the networks consisting of gene coexpression, miRNA coexpression, gene-miRNA coexpression, and the known gene-miRNA interactions, we aim to find the most connected network modules so as to study their functions and properties. In this paper, we proposed an optimization model for identification of the modules in the integrated networks. This model tries to find both the modules in the gene-gene and miRNA-miRNA coexpression networks and the densely connected gene-miRNA subneworks. An approximation computational method was developed to solve the optimization problem. We applied the method to 556 human ovarian cancer samples with both gene expression data and miRNA expression data. The identified modules are significantly enriched by miRNA...Continue Reading

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