Gene \Narcotic Attenuation Program attenuates substance use disorder, a clinical subtype of reward deficiency syndrome

Advances in Therapy
Thomas J H ChenTomas Palomo

Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of a putative activator of brain reward circuitry on outcomes in a 1-y prospective comprehensive outpatient clinical program. As part of the Gene Narcotic Attenuation Program, Haveos (Synaptamine)(TM) was administered for the treatment of substance use disorder. Seventy-six patients (45 males and 31 females; mean age, 33 y [standard deviation, 7.0]) who had been given a diagnosis of serious substance use disorder were recruited. After exclusion of 15 patients who dropped out before the end of the study, self-reported craving decreased from program entrance to 12 wk (visual analog scale whereby 0 represents no craving and 5, the strongest craving) for 61 compliant patients (mean decrease, 2.85, 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.65, 3.05); this improvement was significant (P<.001). Building up to relapse scores (each of 5 individual items and summary value) showed similar improvement after 1 y of treatment; the mean decrease in scores was significant for stress (t=3.3; P=.002), depression (t=4.0; P<.001), anger (t=4.4; P<.001), anxiety (t=4.5, P<.001), drug craving (t=5.4, P<.001), and summary building up to relapse (t=4.1; P<.001). Also, recovery score measures of energy level (t=8.4; P<.001) and a...Continue Reading

References

Apr 18, 1990·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·K BlumJ B Cohn
Apr 1, 1990·Journal of Psychoactive Drugs·R J BrownM C Trachtenberg
Jul 1, 1988·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·G Di Chiara, A Imperato
Apr 1, 1997·Clinical EEG (electroencephalography)·J F DeFranceK Blum
Jun 8, 1999·Archives of General Psychiatry·D D SimpsonM D Anglin
Dec 6, 2000·Progress in Brain Research·D E Comings, K Blum
Jun 20, 2003·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Martin WermeStefan Brené
Dec 4, 2003·European Psychiatry : the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists·G PonceT Palomo
Oct 1, 2004·American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics : the Official Publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics·Abdalla Bowirrat, Marlene Oscar-Berman
Mar 16, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kyoung-Shim KimPyung-Lim Han
Aug 26, 2006·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Ann M Manzardo, Elizabeth C Penick

Citations

Jan 11, 2018·Journal of Behavioral Addictions·Thomas McLaughlinRajendra D Badgaiyan

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.