Nov 5, 1997

Gene therapy for renal diseases

Kidney International. Supplement
Y H Lien, L W Lai

Abstract

Gene therapy is a promising therapeutic approach for a variety of renal diseases including both inherited and acquired diseases. In vivo gene transfer in the kidney using viral or non-viral vectors have been reported. These approaches have been tested in a few animal models of renal diseases, including experimental glomerulonephritis, ischemic renal failure, and carbonic anhydrase II deficiency. Selection of vectors, routes, and therapeutic genes is critical to the success of gene therapy targeted to the specific compartment of the kidney. Limitations of gene therapy for renal diseases exist and consist of: duration of transgene expression is short, transfection efficiency is not adequate, immune reactions are induced by adenoviral vector, and insertional mutagenesis may be caused by retroviral and adeno-associated viral vectors. Further studies are needed for improvement of gene delivery, minimization of side effects and development of cell-specific and long-term regulated gene expression.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Shuttle Vectors
Transfection
Kidney Failure
Etiology
Gene Expression
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Renal Insufficiency
Acquired Disease
Anatomical Compartments
Genetic Therapy, Somatic

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