Apr 25, 2020

GRNUlar: Gene Regulatory Network reconstruction using Unrolled algorithm from Single Cell RNA-Sequencing data

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Harsh ShrivastavaL. Song

Abstract

Motivation: Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) are graphs that specify the interactions between transcription factors (TFs) and their target genes. Understanding these interactions is crucial for studying the mechanisms in cell differentiation, growth and development. Computational methods are needed to infer these networks from measured data. Although the availability of single cell RNA-Sequencing (scRNA-Seq) data provides unprecedented scale and resolution of gene-expression data, the inference of GRNs remains a challenge, mainly due to the complexity of the regulatory relationships and the noise in the data. Results: We propose GRNUlar, a novel deep learning architecture based on the unrolled algorithms idea for GRN inference from scRNA-Seq data. Like some existing methods which use prior information of which genes are TFs, GRNUlar also incorporates this TF information using a sparse multi-task deep learning architecture. We also demonstrate the application of a recently developed unrolled architecture GLAD to recover undirected GRNs in the absence of TF information. These unrolled architectures require supervision to train, for which we leverage the existing synthetic data simulators which generate scRNA-Seq data guided by a G...Continue Reading

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