Genetic and chemical differentiation of Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni lipooligosaccharide pathways

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alejandra KolehmainenMirko Rossi

Abstract

Despite the importance of lipooligosaccharides (LOS) in the pathogenicity of campylobacteriosis, little is known about the genetic and phenotypic diversity of LOS in C. coli. In this study, we investigated the distribution of LOS locus classes among a large collection of unrelated C. coli isolates sampled from several different host species. Furthermore, we paired C. coli genomic information and LOS chemical composition for the first time to identify mechanisms consistent with the generation of LOS phenotypic heterogeneity. After classifying three new LOS locus classes, only 85% of the 144 isolates tested were assigned to a class, suggesting higher genetic diversity than previously thought. This genetic diversity is at the basis of a completely unexplored LOS structure heterogeneity. Mass spectrometry analysis of the LOS of nine isolates, representing four different LOS classes, identified two features distinguishing C. coli LOS from C. jejuni's. GlcN-GlcN disaccharides were present in the lipid A backbone in contrast to the GlcN3N-GlcN backbone observed in C. jejuni. Moreover, despite that many of the genes putatively involved in Qui3pNAcyl were absence in the genomes of various isolates, this rare sugar was found in the outer...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Campylobacter jejuni
Cell Differentiation Process
Classification
Escherichia coli
Genes
Genome
Lipids
Mass Spectrometry
Glucosamine 6-phosphate
lipid-linked oligosaccharides

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