Genetic and transcriptional variations in NRAMP-2 and OPAQUE1 genes are associated with salt stress response in wheat

TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik
Benedict C OyigaAgim Ballvora

Abstract

SNP alleles on chromosomes 4BL and 6AL are associated with sensitivity to salt tolerance in wheat and upon validation can be exploited in the development of salt-tolerant wheat varieties. The dissection of the genetic and molecular components of salt stress response offers strong opportunities toward understanding and improving salt tolerance in crops. In this study, GWAS was employed to identify a total of 106 SNP loci (R2 = 0.12-63.44%) linked to salt stress response in wheat using leaf chlorophyll fluorescence, grain quality and shoot ionic (Na+ and K+ ions) attributes. Among them, 14 SNP loci individually conferred pleiotropic effects on multiple independent salinity tolerance traits including loci at 99.04 cM (R2 ≥ 14.7%) and 68.45 cM (R2 ≥ 4.10%) on chromosomes 6AL and 4BL, respectively, that influenced shoot Na+-uptake, shoot K+/Na+ ratio, and specific energy fluxes for absorption (ABS/RC) and dissipation (DIo/RC). Analysis of the open reading frame (ORF) containing the SNP markers revealed that they are orthologous to genes involved in photosynthesis and plant stress (salt) response. Further transcript abundance and qRT-PCR analyses indicated that the genes are mostly up-regulated in salt-tolerant and down-regulated in ...Continue Reading

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