May 6, 2019

Genetic architecture of tipburn resistance in lettuce

TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik
M Macias-GonzálezRichard W Michelmore

Abstract

Two major QTLs for tipburn were identified in LGs 1 and 5 contributing to resistance in cv. Salinas. The findings suggest pleiotropic effects between leaf crinkliness/savoy and tipburn. Tipburn is a physiological disorder in lettuce that is thought to be caused by a localized deficiency of calcium in leaf tissues. To elucidate the genetic architecture of resistance to tipburn in lettuce, seven recombinant inbred line populations were analyzed in multiple environments and years to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for tipburn. Core height, head firmness, head closure, leaf crinkliness, plant fresh weight, and leaf savoy were also analyzed to investigate whether QTLs for these morphological traits collocated with QTLs for tipburn, which would be indicative of pleiotropic effects. Twenty-three major, intermediate, and minor unique QTLs for tipburn were identified in one or more populations scattered throughout the genome. Two major QTLs for tipburn incidence were identified in linkage groups (LGs) 1 and 5, which determined up to 45 and 66% of the phenotypic variance. The major QTL in LG 1 collocated with the head firmness QTL. The major QTL in LG 5 collocated with the QTL for core height, leaf crinkliness, and head firmness....Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Lettuce
Research
Reparative Closure
Genome
Genes
Calcium
Dorsal Nucleus of Lateral Geniculate Body
Environment
Recombinant Proteins

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