DOI: 10.1101/451385Oct 24, 2018Paper

Genetic characterization of chytrids isolated from larval amphibians collected in central and east Texas

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Thomas L MarshallDavid Rodriguez

Abstract

Chytridiomycosis, an emerging infectious disease caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), has caused amphibian population declines worldwide. Bd was first described in the 1990s and there are still geographic gaps in the genetic analysis of this globally distributed pathogen. Relatively few genetic studies have focused on regions where Bd exhibits low virulence, potentially creating a bias in our current knowledge of the pathogen's genetic diversity. Disease-associated declines have not been recorded in Texas (USA), yet Bd has been detected on amphibians in the state. These strains have not been isolated and characterized genetically; therefore, we isolated, cultured, and genotyped Bd from central Texas and compared isolates to a panel of previously genotyped strains distributed across the Western Hemisphere. We also isolated other chytrids not known to infect amphibians from east Texas. To identify larval amphibian hosts, we sequenced part of the COI gene. Among 37 Bd isolates from Texas, we detected 19 unique multi-locus genotypes, but found no genetic structure associated with host species, Texas localities, or across North America. Isolates from central Texas exhibit high diversity and genetically ...Continue Reading

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