Genetic characterization of Streptococcus pyogenes emm 89 strains isolated in Japan from 2011 to 2019

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Yujiro HiroseS. Kawabata


Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) caused by Streptococcus pyogenes emm 89 strains has been increasing in several countries and reported to be linked with a recently emerged clade of emm89 strains, designated clade 3. In Japan, epidemiological and genetic information for emm89 strains remains elusive. In this study, we utilized emm89 strains isolated from both STSS (89 isolates) and non-STSS (72 isolates) infections in Japan from 2011 to 2019, and conducted whole-genome sequencing and comparative analysis, which resulted in classification of a large majority into clade 3 regardless of disease severity. In addition, STSS-associated genes and SNPs were found in clade 3 strains, including mutations of streptokinase (Ska), control of virulence sensor (CovS), serum opacity factor (SOF), sortase (SrtB), and fibronectin-binding protein F1 (PrtF1), and absence of the hylP1 gene encoding hyaluronidase. These findings provide insights into notable genetic features of emm89 strains.

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