DOI: 1306.0025May 31, 2013Paper

Genetic Complexity in a Drosophila Model of Diabetes-Associated Misfolded Human Proinsulin

ArXiv
Soo-Young ParkMartin Kreitman

Abstract

Here we use Drosophila melanogaster to create a genetic model of human permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus and present experimental results describing dimensions of this complexity. The approach involves the transgenic expression of a misfolded mutant of human preproinsulin, hINSC96Y, which is a cause of the disease. When expressed in fly imaginal discs, hINSC96Y causes a reduction of adult structures, including the eye, wing and notum. Eye imaginal discs exhibit defects in both the structure and arrangement of ommatidia. In the wing, expression of hINSC96Y leads to ectopic expression of veins and mechano-sensory organs, indicating disruption of wild type signaling processes regulating cell fates. These readily measurable disease phenotypes are sensitive to temperature, gene dose and sex. Mutant (but not wild type) proinsulin expression in the eye imaginal disc induces IRE1-mediated Xbp1 alternative splicing, a signal for endoplasmic reticulum stress response activation, and produces global change in gene expression. Mutant hINS transgene tester strains, when crossed to stocks from the Drosophila Genetic Reference Panel produces F1 adults with a continuous range of disease phenotypes and large broad-sense heritability. Surpr...Continue Reading

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