Mar 25, 2020

Molecular Scale Spatio-Chemical Control of the Activating-Inhibitory Signal Integration in NK Cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
E. ToledoMark Schvartzman


The role of the spatial juxtaposition between activating and inhibitory receptors in cytotoxic lymphocytes has been strongly debated in the context of the inhibition of immune signaling. The challenge in addressing this problem was so far a lack of experimental tools which can simultaneously manipulate different signaling molecules. Here, we circumvent this challenge by introducing a nanoengineered multifunctional cell niche, in which activating and inhibitory ligands are positioned with molecular-scale variability and control, and applied it to elucidate the role of the spatial juxtaposition between ligands for NKG2D and KIR2DL1 - activating and inhibitory receptors in Natural Killer (NK) cells - in KIR2DL1-mediated inhibition of NKG2D signaling. We realized the niche by a nanopatterning of nanodots of different metals with molecular scale registry in one lithographic step, followed by a novel ternary functionalization of the fabricated bi-metallic pattern and its background to with three distinct biochemical moieties. We found, that within the probed range, the 40 nm gap between the activating and inhibitory ligands provided an optimal inhibition condition. Supported by theoretical modeling and simulations we interpret these ...Continue Reading

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