Genetic relationship among Bacillus licheniformis rolling-circle-replicating plasmids and complete nucleotide sequence of pBL63.1, an atypical replicon

S GuglielmettiC Parini


The degree of biodiversity among Bacillus licheniformis plasmids and their relation to other Bacillus subtilis group plasmids has been evaluated. To attain this goal we surveyed the diversity and linkage of replication modules in a collection of 21 naturally occurring plasmids of B. licheniformis strains, isolated from different geographical areas. On the basis of rep gene sequence analysis it was possible to group the B. licheniformis plasmids rep genes in two main cluster. Comparison with known rep genes from Bacillus rolling-circle-replicating (RCR) plasmids revealed the presence in B. licheniformis plasmids of replication genes with a DNA sequence peculiar to B. licheniformis species together with rep genes with a very high sequence similarity to B. subtilis plasmids. Furthermore, the molecular organization of an atypical replicon, pBL63.1, was shown. This plasmid did not display any significant similarity with known Bacillus RCR plasmids. The complete nucleotide sequence evidenced a replication module with an unexpected similarity with Rep proteins from RCR plasmids of bacterial species phylogenetically distantly related to Bacillus. pBL63.1 represents an exception to the low-level diversity hypothesis among Bacillus RC re...Continue Reading


Dec 1, 1977·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·F SangerA R Coulson

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