Genetic relationship among Bacillus licheniformis rolling-circle-replicating plasmids and complete nucleotide sequence of pBL63.1, an atypical replicon

Plasmid
S GuglielmettiC Parini

Abstract

The degree of biodiversity among Bacillus licheniformis plasmids and their relation to other Bacillus subtilis group plasmids has been evaluated. To attain this goal we surveyed the diversity and linkage of replication modules in a collection of 21 naturally occurring plasmids of B. licheniformis strains, isolated from different geographical areas. On the basis of rep gene sequence analysis it was possible to group the B. licheniformis plasmids rep genes in two main cluster. Comparison with known rep genes from Bacillus rolling-circle-replicating (RCR) plasmids revealed the presence in B. licheniformis plasmids of replication genes with a DNA sequence peculiar to B. licheniformis species together with rep genes with a very high sequence similarity to B. subtilis plasmids. Furthermore, the molecular organization of an atypical replicon, pBL63.1, was shown. This plasmid did not display any significant similarity with known Bacillus RCR plasmids. The complete nucleotide sequence evidenced a replication module with an unexpected similarity with Rep proteins from RCR plasmids of bacterial species phylogenetically distantly related to Bacillus. pBL63.1 represents an exception to the low-level diversity hypothesis among Bacillus RC re...Continue Reading

References

Dec 1, 1977·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·F SangerA R Coulson

Related Concepts

DNA Replication
Phylogeny
Episomes
Replicon
Homologous Sequences, Nucleic Acid
Variation (Genetics)
Southern Blot Result
Homologous Sequences, Amino Acid
Sequence Determinations

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.