Genetic structure and population dynamics of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis in Colombia from 1995 to 1999.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Silvia RestrepoValérie Verdier

Abstract

Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were used to study the population genetics and temporal dynamics of the cassava bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis. The population dynamics were addressed by comparing samples collected from 1995 to 1999 from six locations, spanning four different edaphoclimatic zones (ECZs). Forty-five different X. axonopodis pv. manihotis RFLP types or haplotypes were identified between 1995 and 1999. High genetic diversity of the X. axonopodis pv. manihotis strains was evident within most of the fields sampled. In all but one site, diversity decreased over time within fields. Haplotype frequencies significantly differed over the years in all but one location. Studies of the rate of change of X. axonopodis pv. manihotis populations during the cropping cycle in two sites showed significant changes in the haplotype frequencies but not composition. However, variations in pathotype composition were observed from one year to the next at a single site in ECZs 1 and 2 and new pathotypes were described after 1997 in these ECZs, thus revealing the dramatic change in the pathogen population structure of X. axonopodis pv. manihotis. Disease incidence was used to show the progress of ...Continue Reading

References

Jan 1, 1981·Genetics·M Nei, F Tajima
Nov 22, 1997·Journal of Medical Microbiology·K F LeeP C Shaw
Nov 30, 2000·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·C M Vera CruzJ E Leach
Mar 15, 2006·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·S Restrepo, V Verdier
Oct 24, 2008·Phytopathology·T B AdhikariJ E Leach

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Citations

May 11, 2011·Phytopathology·Carlos Gutiérrez-GutiérrezJuan E Palomares-Rius
Jan 9, 2014·Phytopathology·Helvécio D Coletta-FilhoRodrigo P P Almeida
Oct 7, 2008·Journal of Microbiological Methods·Rehana ShaikBalakrishna Pillay
Jul 21, 2017·Frontiers in Plant Science·Johana C Soto SedanoCamilo E López Carrascal

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