Dec 1, 1978

Genetic variation in the activity of the histidine catabolic enzymes between inbred strains of mice: a structural locus for a cytosol histidine aminotransferase isozyme (Hat-1)

Biochemical Genetics
G Bulfield


Variation in activity of the main histidine catabolic enzymes (histidase, urocanase, and aminotransferase) has been surveyed using inbred strains of mice (C57BL, DBA, Peru, SM, and SWR). Some variation was found in the activity of all enzymes, but only in the case of cytosolic histidine aminotransferase was it greater than twofold (SM 3.3-fold greater than C57BL). The divergent strains for the activity of this enzyme were crossed and the F1's were backcrossed; the segregation analysis indicated a single locus with additively acting alleles (designated Hat-1: a allele SM, b allele C57BL). Cytosolic histidine aminotransferase differed in heat stability between SM and C57BL, indicating that Hat-1 is a structural locus. The conflict in the biochemical literature (Morris et al., 1973; Noguchi et al., 1976a,b) over the number and subcellular distribution of the histidine aminotransferase isozymes is partly resolved by the acquisition of a variant at the Hat-1 locus. Hat-1 affects the cytosolic form but not the mitochondrial form of the enzyme. Purification and analysis of the isozymes of histidine aminotransferase from livers of C57BL and SM mice will further clarify the situation.

  • References17
  • Citations9


Mentioned in this Paper

Hot Temperature
Mice, Inbred Strains
Mouse, Swiss
Variation (Genetics)

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.