Genetics and the population history of Europe

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Guido Barbujani, Giorgio Bertorelle

Abstract

Analysis of genetic variation among modern individuals is providing insight into prehistoric events. Comparisons of levels and patterns of genetic diversity with the predictions of models based on archeological evidence suggest that the spread of early farmers from the Levant was probably the main episode in the European population history, but that both older and more recent processes have left recognizable traces in the current gene pool.

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