Oct 31, 2018

Genetics of human plasma lipidome: Understanding lipid metabolism and its link to diseases beyond traditional lipids

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Rubina TabassumSamuli Ripatti

Abstract

Aim: Genetic investigation of human plasma lipidome to get insights into lipid-related disorders beyond traditional lipid measures. Methods and Results: We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 141 lipid species (n=2,181 individuals), followed by phenome-wide scans (PheWAS) with 44 clinical end-points related to cardiometabolic, psychiatric and gastrointestinal disorders (n=456,941 individuals). SNP-based heritability for lipid species ranged from 0.10-0.54. Lipids with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids showed higher heritability and genetic sharing, suggesting considerable genetic regulation at acyl chains levels. We identified 35 genomic regions associated with at least one lipid species (P<5x10-8), revealing 37 new SNP-lipid species pair associations e.g. new association between ABCG5/8 and CE(20:2;0). PheWAS of lipid-species-associated loci suggested new associations of BLK with obesity, FADS2 with thrombophlebitis, and BLK and SPTLC3 with gallbladder disease (false discovery rate <0.05). The association patterns of lipid-species-associated loci supplied clues to their probable roles in lipid metabolism e.g. suggestive role of SYNGR1, MIR100HG, and PTPRN2 in desaturation and/or elongation of fatty acids. ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Human plasma
Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
FADS2 gene
PTPRN2 protein, human
ABCG5 gene
Genome
Posterior Cerebral Commissure
SYNGR1 gene
LPL

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