DOI: 10.1101/502195Dec 21, 2018Paper

Genome characterization, prevalence and transmission mode of a novel picornavirus associated with the Threespine Stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus)

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Megan A Hahn, Nolwenn M Dheilly

Abstract

The complete genome sequence of an RNA virus was assembled from RNA sequencing of virus particles purified from threespine stickleback intestine samples. This new virus is most closely related to the Eel Picornavirus and can be assigned to the genus Potamipivirus in the family Picornoviridae. Its unique genetic properties are sufficient to establish a new species, dubbed the Threespine Stickleback Picornavirus (TSPV). Due to their broad geographic distribution throughout the northern hemisphere and parallel adaptation to freshwater, threespine sticklebacks have become a model in evolutionary ecology. Further analysis using diagnostic PCRs revealed that TSPV is highly prevalent in both anadromous and freshwater populations of threespine sticklebacks and is transmitted vertically to offspring obtained from in vitro fertilization in laboratory settings. It is thus necessary to test the impact of TSPV on the biology of threespine sticklebacks as this widespread virus could interfere with the behavioral, physiological, or immunological studies that employ threespine sticklebacks as model system.

Related Concepts

Fertility
Genome
Intestines
Laboratory
Family Picornaviridae
RNA Viruses
Sticklebacks
Virus
Polymerase Chain Reaction Analysis
Disease Transmission

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