Apr 29, 2020

A rare mutation in an infant derived HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein alters interprotomer stability and susceptibility to broadly neutralizing antibodies targeting the trimer apex

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
N. MishraKalpana Luthra

Abstract

The envelope glycoprotein (Env) of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is the sole target of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bnAbs). Several mechanisms, such as acquisition of mutations due to the error prone reverse transcriptase, variability of loop length and alterations in glycan pattern are employed by the virus to shield neutralizing epitopes on the env, to sustain survival and infectivity within the host. Identification of mutations that can lead to viral evasion from host immune response is essential for optimization and engineering of Env based trimeric immunogens. Herein, we report a rare leucine to phenylalanine escape mutation (L184F) at the base of hypervariable loop 2 (population frequency of 0.0045%) in a nine-month-old perinatally HIV-1 infected infant broad neutralizer. The L184F mutation disrupted the intramolecular interaction, stabilizing the trimer apex thereby leading to viral escape from autologous plasma bnAbs and known bnAbs, targeting exclusively the N160 glycan at trimer apex and not any other known epitope. The L184F amino acid change led to acquisition of a relatively open trimeric configuration, often associated with tier 1 HIV-1 isolates and an increased susceptibility to neutralization by pol...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Size
Patterns
Genome
Genome Assembly Sequence
Genomics
Heterochromatin
Species
Synteny
Salamanders

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