Mar 24, 2020

Genome-wide Association Analysis of Parkinson's Disease and Schizophrenia Reveals Shared Genetic Architecture and Identifies Novel Risk Loci

Biological Psychiatry
Olav B SmelandOle A Andreassen

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) are heritable brain disorders that involve dysregulation of the dopaminergic system. Epidemiological studies have reported potential comorbidity between the disorders, and movement disturbances are common in patients with SCZ before treatment with antipsychotic drugs. Despite this, little is known about shared genetic etiology between the disorders. We analyzed recent large genome-wide association studies on patients with SCZ (N = 77,096) and PD (N = 417,508) using a conditional/conjunctional false discovery rate (FDR) approach to evaluate overlap in common genetic variants and improve statistical power for genetic discovery. Using a variety of biological resources, we functionally characterized the identified genomic loci. We observed genetic enrichment in PD conditional on associations with SCZ and vice versa, indicating polygenic overlap. We then leveraged this cross-trait enrichment using conditional FDR analysis and identified 9 novel PD risk loci and 1 novel SCZ locus at conditional FDR < .01. Furthermore, we identified 9 genomic loci jointly associated with PD and SCZ at conjunctional FDR < .05. There was an even distribution of antagonistic and agonistic effect directions...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Epidemiologic Studies
Gene Mutant
Analysis
Direction
Study
Molecular_function
Genetic Loci
Genes
Genome-Wide Association Study
Movement Disorders

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