Genome-wide Association Mapping Reveals Potential Novel Loci Controlling Stripe-rust Resistance in a Chinese Wheat Landrace Diversity Panel From the Southern Autumn-sown Spring Wheat Zone

ResearchSquare
Yuqi WangYouliang Zheng

Abstract

Background:Stripe rust, caused by the fungal pathogen Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is a serious foliar disease of wheat. Identification of novel stripe-rust resistance genes and cultivation of resistant varieties are considered to be the most effective approaches to control this disease. In this study, we evaluated the infection type (IT), disease severity (DS) and area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) of 143 Chinese wheat landrace accessions for stripe-rust resistance. Assessments were undertaken in five environments at the adult-plant stage with Pst mixture races under field conditions, in addition, IT was assessed at the seedling stage with two prevalent Pst races (CYR32 and CYR34) under controlled greenhouse conditions. Results:Seventeen accessions showed stable high-level resistance to stripe rust across all environments under field tests,while four accessions showed resistance to the Pst races CYR32 and CYR34 at the all-stage.Combining phenotypic data from the field and greenhouse trials with 6404 markers covering the whole genome, we detected 17quantitative trait locus(QTLs) on 11 chromosomes for IT associated with seedling resistance and 15 QTLs on seven chromosomes for IT, final disease severityor...Continue Reading

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