Temporal analysis of localization and trafficking of glycolipids

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. AraiK. Fukase

Abstract

Glycolipid metabolism occurs in the Golgi apparatus, but the detailed mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. We used fluorescently labeled glycolipids to analyze glycolipid composition and localization changes and shed light on glycolipid metabolism. In a previous study, the fatty chain of lactosyl ceramide was fluorescently labeled with BODIPY (LacCer-BODIPY) before being introduced into cultured cells to analyze the cell membrane glycolipid recycling process. However, imaging analysis of glycolipid recycling is complicated because of limited spatial resolution. Therefore, we examined the microscopic conditions that allow the temporal analysis of LacCer-BODIPY trafficking and localization. We observed that the glycolipid fluorescent probe migrated from the cell membrane to intracellular organelles before returning to the cell membrane. We used confocal microscopy to observe co-localization of the glycolipid probe with endosomes and Golgi markers, demonstrating that it recycles mainly through the trans-Golgi network (TGN). Here, a glycolipid recycling pathway was observed that did not require the lipids to pass through the lysosome.

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