Nov 4, 2018

Genome-wide association study of piscine myocarditis virus (PMCV) robustness in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Borghild Hillestad, Hooman K Moghadam

Abstract

Cardiomyopathy syndrome is a sever, viral disease of Atlantic salmon that mostly affects farmed animals during their late production stage at sea. Caused by piscine myocarditis virus (PMCV), over the past few years, the outbreaks due to this disease have resulted in significant losses to the aquaculture industry. However, there are currently no vaccine that has proven effective against this virus. In this study, using a challenge model, we investigate the genetic variation for robustness to PMCV, by screening large number of animals using a 55 K SNP array. In particular, we aimed to identify genetic markers that are tightly linked to higher disease resistance and can potentially be used in breeding programs. Using genomic information, we estimated heritability of 0.41 +/- 0.05, suggesting that robustness against this virus is largely controlled by genetic factors. Through association analysis, we identified a major QTL on chromosome 27, explaining approximately 57% of the total additive genetic variation. The region harbouring this putative QTL contains various immune related candidate genes, many of which have previously been shown to have a differential expression profile between the naive and infected animals. We also identi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
Quantitative Trait Loci
Salmo salar
Virus
Virus Diseases
Genome
Genes
Vaccines

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