Mar 29, 2020

CyclinD1 controls development of cerebellar granule cell progenitors through phosphorylation and stabilization of ATOH1

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Sathoshi MiyashitaS. Aida


Here we report that CyclinD1 (CCND1) directly regulates both the proliferative and immature states of cerebellar granule cell progenitors (GCPs). CCND1 not only accelerates cell cycle but also upregulates ATOH1 protein, an essential transcription factor that maintains GCPs in an immature state. In cooperation with CDK4, CCND1 directly phosphorylates Ser309 of ATOH1, which inhibits additional phosphorylation at S328, consequently preventing Ser328 phosphorylation-dependent ATOH1 degradation. PROX1 downregulates Ccnd1 expression by histone-deacetylation of Ccnd1 promoter in GCPs, leading to cell cycle exit and differentiation. WNT signaling upregulates PROX1 expression in GCPs. These findings suggest that WNT-PROX1-CCND1-ATOH1 signaling cascade cooperatively controls proliferation and immaturity of GCPs. We revealed that the expression and phosphorylation levels of these molecules dynamically change during cerebellar development, which was suggested to determine appropriate differentiation rates from GCPs to GCs at distinct developmental stages. This study contributes to understanding the regulatory mechanism of GCPs as well as neural progenitors.

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Regulation of Biological Process
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