Oct 12, 2010

Genome-wide regulation of innate immunity by juvenile hormone and 20-hydroxyecdysone in the Bombyx fat body

BMC Genomics
Ling TianSheng Li

Abstract

Insect innate immunity can be affected by juvenile hormone (JH) and 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), but how innate immunity is developmentally regulated by these two hormones in insects has not yet been elucidated. In the silkworm, Bombyx mori, JH and 20E levels are high during the final larval molt (4 M) but absent during the feeding stage of 5(th) instar (5 F), while JH level is low and 20E level is high during the prepupal stage (PP). Fat body produces humoral response molecules and hence is considered as the major organ involved in innate immunity. A genome-wide microarray analysis of Bombyx fat body isolated from 4 M, 5 F and PP uncovered a large number of differentially-expressed genes. Most notably, 6 antimicrobial peptide (AMP) genes were up-regulated at 4 M versus PP suggesting that Bombyx innate immunity is developmentally regulated by the two hormones. First, JH treatment dramatically increased AMP mRNA levels and activities. Furthermore, 20E treatment exhibited inhibitory effects on AMP mRNA levels and activities, and RNA interference of the 20E receptor EcR-USP had the opposite effects to 20E treatment. Taken together, we demonstrate that JH acts as an immune-activator while 20E inhibits innate immunity in the fat body d...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Gram-Positive Bacteria
Hormone Regulation
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Molting
Monoclonal Antibodies
Biochemical Pathway
Microarray Analysis
Peptide Growth Factors Deficiency
Fat Pad
Cosuppression

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