Paxillin Promotes ATP-induced Activation of P2X7 Receptor and NLRP3 Inflammasome

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
W. WangJianguo Wu

Abstract

The stimulation of P2X7 receptor by extracellular ATP leads to activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Here, we reveal a distinct mechanism by which Paxillin promotes ATP-induced activation of P2X7 receptor and NLRP3 inflammasome. Extracellular ATP induces Paxillin phosphorylation and facilitates Paxillin-NLRP3 interaction. Interestingly, Paxillin enhances NLRP3 deubiquitination and activates NLRP3 inflammasome upon ATP treatment and K+ efflux. Moreover, we reveal that UPS13 is a key enzyme for Paxillin-mediated NLRP3 deubiquitination upon ATP treatment. Notably, extracellular ATP promotes Paxillin and NLRP3 migration from cytosol to plasma membrane and facilitates P2X7-Paxillin interaction and Paxillin-NLRP3 association, resulting in the formation of P2X7-Paxillin-NLRP3 complex. Functionally, Paxillin is essential for ATP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation in mouse BMDMs and BMDCs as we as in human PBMCs and THP-1-differentiated macrophages. Thus, Paxillin plays key roles in ATP-induced activation of P2X7 receptor and NLRP3 inflammasome by facilitating the formation of the P2X7-Paxillin-NLRP3 complex.

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