Paxillin Promotes ATP-induced Activation of P2X7 Receptor and NLRP3 Inflammasome

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
W. WangJianguo Wu


The stimulation of P2X7 receptor by extracellular ATP leads to activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Here, we reveal a distinct mechanism by which Paxillin promotes ATP-induced activation of P2X7 receptor and NLRP3 inflammasome. Extracellular ATP induces Paxillin phosphorylation and facilitates Paxillin-NLRP3 interaction. Interestingly, Paxillin enhances NLRP3 deubiquitination and activates NLRP3 inflammasome upon ATP treatment and K+ efflux. Moreover, we reveal that UPS13 is a key enzyme for Paxillin-mediated NLRP3 deubiquitination upon ATP treatment. Notably, extracellular ATP promotes Paxillin and NLRP3 migration from cytosol to plasma membrane and facilitates P2X7-Paxillin interaction and Paxillin-NLRP3 association, resulting in the formation of P2X7-Paxillin-NLRP3 complex. Functionally, Paxillin is essential for ATP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation in mouse BMDMs and BMDCs as we as in human PBMCs and THP-1-differentiated macrophages. Thus, Paxillin plays key roles in ATP-induced activation of P2X7 receptor and NLRP3 inflammasome by facilitating the formation of the P2X7-Paxillin-NLRP3 complex.

Related Concepts

Genetic Drift
Computer Software
Biological Markers
EDN3 gene
Littorina saxatilis
Extracellular Matrix
Dysequilibrium Syndrome

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.