Genomic analysis of family UBA6911 (Group 18 Acidobacteria) expands the metabolic capacities of the phylum and highlights adaptations to terrestrial habitats

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. YadavNoha H Youssef

Abstract

Approaches for recovering and analyzing genomes belonging to novel, hitherto unexplored bacterial lineages have provided invaluable insights into the metabolic capabilities and ecological roles of yet-uncultured taxa. The phylum Acidobacteria is one of the most prevalent and ecologically successful lineages on earth yet, currently, multiple lineages within this phylum remain unexplored. Here, we utilize genomes recovered from Zodletone spring, an anaerobic sulfide and sulfur-rich spring in southwestern Oklahoma, as well as from multiple disparate soil and non-soil habitats, to examine the metabolic capabilities and ecological role of members of the family UBA6911 (group18) Acidobacteria. The analyzed genomes clustered into five distinct genera, with genera Gp18_AA60 and QHZH01 recovered from soils, genus Ga0209509 from anaerobic digestors, and genera Ga0212092 and UBA6911 from freshwater habitats. All genomes analyzed suggested that members of Acidobacteria group 18 are metabolically versatile heterotrophs capable of utilizing a wide range of proteins, amino acids, and sugars as carbon sources, possess respiratory and fermentative capacities, and display few auxotrophies. Soil-dwelling genera were characterized by larger genome...Continue Reading

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