DOI: 10.1101/299917Apr 11, 2018Paper

Genomic basis of multidrug-resistance, mating, and virulence in Candida auris and related emerging species

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
José F MuñozChristina A Cuomo

Abstract

Candida auris is an emergent fungal pathogen of rising health concern due to increasing reports of outbreaks in healthcare settings and resistance to multiple classes of antifungal drugs. While distantly related to the more common pathogens C. albicans and C. glabrata, C. auris is closely related to three rarely observed and often multidrug-resistant species, C. haemulonii, C. duobushaemulonii and C. pseudohaemulonii. Here, we generated and analyzed near complete genome assemblies and RNA-Seq-guided gene predictions for each of the four major C. auris clades and for C. haemulonii, C. duobushaemulonii and C. pseudohaemulonii. Our analyses mapped seven chromosomes and revealed chromosomal rearrangements between C. auris clades and related species. We found conservation of genes involved in mating and meiosis and identified both MTLa and MTLα C. auris isolates, strongly suggesting the potential for mating between clades. Gene conservation analysis highlighted that many genes linked to drug resistance and virulence in other pathogenic Candida species are conserved in C. auris and related species including expanded families of transporters and lipases, as well as mutations and copy number variants in ERG11 that confer drug resistanc...Continue Reading

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