Genomic insights into the ecological role and evolution of a novel Thermoplasmata order, "Candidatus Sysuiplasmatales".

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Yang YuanLi-Nan Huang

Abstract

Recent omics studies have provided invaluable insights into the metabolic potential, adaptation and evolution of novel archaeal lineages from a variety of extreme environments. We have utilized a genome-resolved metagenomic approach to recover eight medium- to high-quality metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) that likely represent a new order ("Candidatus Sysuiplasmatales") within Thermoplasmata from mine tailings and acid mine drainage (AMD) sediments sampled from two copper mines in South China. 16S rRNA gene based analyses revealed a narrow habitat range for these uncultured archaea limiting to AMD and hot spring-related environments. Metabolic reconstruction indicated a facultatively anaerobic heterotrophic lifestyle. This may allow the archaea to adapt to oxygen fluctuations and is thus in marked contrast to the majority of lineages in the domain Archaea which typically show obligately anaerobic metabolisms. Notably, "Ca. Sysuiplasmatales" could conserve energy through degradation of fatty acids, amino acid metabolism and oxidation of reduced inorganic sulfur compounds (RISCs), suggesting that they may contribute to acid generation in the extreme mine environments. Unlike its closely related Methanomassiliicoccales and "Ca....Continue Reading

References

May 26, 2018·Nature Microbiology·Andreas Teske

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