Jul 31, 2012

Genomic insights into the marine sponge microbiome

Nature Reviews. Microbiology
Ute HentschelMichael W Taylor

Abstract

Marine sponges (phylum Porifera) often contain dense and diverse microbial communities, which can constitute up to 35% of the sponge biomass. The genome of one sponge, Amphimedon queenslandica, was recently sequenced, and this has provided new insights into the origins of animal evolution. Complementary efforts to sequence the genomes of uncultivated sponge symbionts have yielded the first glimpse of how these intimate partnerships are formed. The remarkable microbial and chemical diversity of the sponge-microorganism association, coupled with its postulated antiquity, makes sponges important model systems for the study of metazoan host-microorganism interactions, and their evolution, as well as for enabling access to biotechnologically important symbiont-derived natural products. In this Review, we discuss our current understanding of the interactions between marine sponges and their microbial symbiotic consortia, and highlight recent insights into these relationships from genomic studies.

  • References118
  • Citations154

Mentioned in this Paper

Microorganism
Mutualism
Aquatic Organisms
Genome
Natural Products
Demospongiae
Amphimedon queenslandica
Genomics
Microbiome
Microbial

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