Oct 17, 2019

Genomic Profiling Identifies Association of IDH1/IDH2 Mutation with Longer Relapse-Free and Metastasis-Free Survival in High-Grade Chondrosarcoma

Clinical Cancer Research : an Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Guo Gord ZhuMeera Hameed

Abstract

Chondrosarcomas are the second most common primary malignant bone tumors. Although histologic grade is the most important factor predicting the clinical outcome of chondrosarcoma, it is subject to interobserver variability. Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 hotspot mutations were recently found to be frequently mutated in central chondrosarcomas. However, a few published articles have been controversial regarding the association between IDH1/IDH2 mutation status and clinical outcomes in chondrosarcomas. We performed hotspot sequencing of IDH1 and IDH2 genes in 89 central chondrosarcomas and targeted next-generation sequencing in 54 of them, and then correlated the IDH1/IDH2 mutation status with the patient's clinical outcome. Although no association was discovered between IDH mutation status and the patient's overall survival, IDH1/IDH2 mutation was found to be associated with longer relapse-free and metastasis-free survival in high-grade chondrosarcomas. Genomic profiling reveals TERT gene amplification and ATRX mutation, for the first time, in addition to TERT promoter mutation in a subset (6/30, 20%) of high-grade and dedifferentiated chondrosarcomas. These abnormalities in telomere genes are concurrent with IDH1/ID...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chondrosarcoma
Conventional Chondrosarcoma
Gene Amplification
Genes
Genomic Profile
Malignant Bone Neoplasm
Gene Deletion
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Promoter
TERT gene

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