DOI: 10.1101/476564Nov 23, 2018Paper

Gentamicin B1 is not a minor gentamicin component with major nonsense mutation suppression activity

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alireza Baradaran-HeraviMichel Roberge

Abstract

Nonsense mutations are single base substitutions that introduce a premature termination codon (PTC) preventing the formation of full-length protein. They are the causative mutations in about 10% of patients in a large number of rare genetic diseases. High concentrations of the antibiotic gentamicin can induce the incorporation of an amino acid at a PTC and formation of full-length protein, a process called PTC readthrough. Gentamicin is composed of several related aminoglycosides. We recently reported (doi/10.1073/pnas.1620982114) that the major gentamicin components that are responsible for its antibacterial activity showed weak to no PTC readthrough activity but that the minor component gentamicin B1 was a potent readthrough inducer. We have now determined that gentamicin B1 acquired from the sole supplier at the time the study was carried out was not gentamicin B1 but instead the closely related aminoglycoside G418. Gentamicin B1 recently became available from a second commercial source. Here, we provide nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) assignment data for the two commercial compounds and verify only the second is indeed gentamicin B1. We show that gentamicin B1 lacks PTC readthrough activity in HDQ-P1 and DMS-114 cells homo...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Antibiotics
Hereditary Diseases
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Antibiotic G 418
TP53 gene
Bactericidal Activity
Mutation, Nonsense
Spectroscopy, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
gentamicin B1
Assay

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Aminoglycosides (ASM)

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.

Aminoglycosides

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.