Aug 1, 1989

Germ line c-myc is not down-regulated by loss or exclusion of activating factors in myc-induced macrophage tumors

Molecular and Cellular Biology
S E MangoM D Cole

Abstract

As in tumors with c-myc chromosomal translocations, c-myc retrovirus-induced monocyte tumors constitutively express an activated form of c-myc (the proviral gene), whereas the normal endogenous c-myc genes are transcriptionally silent. Treatment of these retrovirus-induced tumor cells with a number of bioactive chemicals and growth factors that are known to induce c-myc expression in cells of the monocyte lineage failed to induce the endogenous c-myc gene. In contrast, the same treatments induced the c-fos gene in both tumors and a control macrophage line. To investigate c-myc suppression further, a normal copy of the human c-myc gene was introduced into tumor and control cell lines by using a retrovirus with self-inactivating long terminal repeats. This transduced normal gene was expressed at equivalent levels in all cells, regardless of the state of endogenous c-myc gene expression, and was strongly induced by agents that induce the normal gene in the control cells. These results indicate that the signal transduction pathways that normally activate the c-myc gene are functional in myc-induced tumor cells and suggest that endogenous c-myc is actively suppressed. An examination of the c-myc locus itself showed that the lack of ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tumor Cells, Uncertain Whether Benign or Malignant
Deoxyribonuclease I
c-fos Genes
Exons
Protein Methylation
Long Terminal Repeat
Transcription, Genetic
Neoplasms
Signal Transduction Pathways
Visual Suppression

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