DOI: 10.1101/492355Dec 10, 2018Paper

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Is a Risk for Macrosomia: Case- Control Study in Eastern Ethiopia

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Elias Bekele WakwoyaKassahun Fikadu Tesema

Abstract

Background - Gestational diabetes mellitus is any degree of glucose intolerance at onset or first recognition during pregnancy. A pregnant woman with diabetes and her unborn child are at increased risk of pregnancy complications and adverse neonatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the association of gestational diabetes mellitus and adverse birth outcomes among women who gave birth in Eastern Ethiopia. Method – Unmatched case control study design was conducted in Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital and Dilchora Hospital from December 2015 to April 2017. This study involved a total of 1,834 mothers and their babies. A structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect the socio-demographic data. Mothers who had risk factor for gestational diabetes were screened by oral glucose tolerance tests. Adverse birth outcomes were observed and registered after delivery. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was employed to identify predictors of adverse birth outcome. P value less than 0.05 was considered to decide statistical significance. Results: From a total of 1,834 mothers 47 (2.6%) of them were found to have gestational diabetes. In binary logistic regression analysis macrosomia and still were foun...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Birth
Case-Control Studies
Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus
Fetal Macrosomia
Hospitals
Hospitals, University
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Pregnancy Complications
Pregnant Women

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