Nov 1, 2018

Gkmexplain: Fast and Accurate Interpretation of Nonlinear Gapped k-mer Support Vector Machines Using Integrated Gradients

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Avanti ShrikumarAnshul Kundaje

Abstract

Support Vector Machines with gapped k-mer kernels (gkm-SVMs) have been used to learn predictive models of regulatory DNA sequence. However, interpreting predictive sequence patterns learned by gkm-SVMs can be challenging. Existing interpretation methods such as deltaSVM, in-silico mutagenesis (ISM), or SHAP either do not scale well or make limiting assumptions about the model that can produce misleading results when the gkm kernel is combined with nonlinear kernels. Here, we propose gkmexplain: a novel approach inspired by the method of Integrated Gradients for interpreting gkm-SVM models. Using simulated regulatory DNA sequences, we show that gkmexplain identifies predictive patterns with high accuracy while avoiding pitfalls of deltaSVM and ISM and being orders of magnitude more computationally efficient than SHAP. We use a novel motif discovery method called TF-MoDISco to recover consolidated TF motifs from gkm-SVM models of in vivo TF binding by aggregating predictive patterns identified by gkmexplain. Finally, we find that mutation impact scores derived through gkmexplain using gkm-SVM models of chromatin accessibility in lymphoblastoid cell-lines consistently outperform deltaSVM and ISM at identifying regulatory genetic v...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Patterns
ITIH3
Tube Feeding of Patient
Transcription Factor Binding
Protein Domain
Chromatin Location
Mutagenesis Procedure
Regulatory DNA Sequence
Transcription Factor

About this Paper

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.