Aug 5, 2017

GLIPR1 modulates the response of cisplatin-resistant human lung cancer cells to cisplatin

PloS One
Xin GongJian Zhou

Abstract

Chemotherapy drugs, such as cisplatin (DDP), improve the survival of patients with lung cancer by inducing apoptosis in cancer cells, which quickly develop resistance to DDP through uncharacterized mechanisms. Glioma Pathogenesis-Related Protein 1 (GLIPR1) plays an important role in cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis. However, the expression and function of GLIPR1 in mediating DDP resistance in human lung adenocarcinoma A549/DDP and human large cell lung cancer H460/DDP cells has not yet been reported. In this study, real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and western blot were used to examine the mRNA and protein expression of GLIPR1, respectively. Bright-field microscopy, the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry analysis and JC-1 dye were used to measure the cellular morphology, proliferation, apoptosis and mitochondrial membrane potential, respectively. Compared to human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells, the mRNA and protein expression of GLIPR1 were significantly increased in DDP-resistant A549/DDP cells (p < 0.05). Similarly, the mRNA level of GLIPR1 in DDP-resistant H460/DDP cells was also significantly higher than that in DDP-sensitive H460 cells (p < 0.05). Silencing of GLIPR1 in A549/DDP and H460/DDP cells led to in...Continue Reading

  • References24
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Fluorescent Dyes
Study
Flow Cytometry
Adenocarcinoma of Lung (Disorder)
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
PARP1
Antineoplastic Agents
GLIPR1
Pathogenesis

Related Feeds

Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis

Cell Migration

Cell migration is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development, cancer metastasis, blood vessel formation and remoulding, tissue regeneration, immune surveillance and inflammation. Here is the latest research.

BCL-2 Family Proteins

BLC-2 family proteins are a group that share the same homologous BH domain. They play many different roles including pro-survival signals, mitochondria-mediated apoptosis and removal or damaged cells. They are often regulated by phosphorylation, affecting their catalytic activity. Here is the latest research on BCL-2 family proteins.

Apoptosis in Cancer

Apoptosis is an important mechanism in cancer. By evading apoptosis, tumors can continue to grow without regulation and metastasize systemically. Many therapies are evaluating the use of pro-apoptotic activation to eliminate cancer growth. Here is the latest research on apoptosis in cancer.

Cell Migration in Cancer and Metastasis

Migration of cancer cells into surrounding tissue and the vasculature is an initial step in tumor metastasis. Discover the latest research on cell migration in cancer and metastasis here.