Nov 18, 2003

Global burden of acute respiratory infections in children: implications for interventions

Pediatric Pulmonology
Kim Mulholland

Abstract

Despite dramatic advances in human health that have occurred during the 20th century, the end of the century still sees many places in the world with high child mortality rates. This is made worse by increasing inequity, such that there are still many communities in the world in which over 30% of children die before their fifth birthday. Estimates of the global burden of childhood pneumonia are based on the assumption that there is a predictable relationship between the childhood mortality rate and the proportion of that mortality that is attributable to pneumonia. As most child deaths occur at home and can only be investigated by verbal autopsy techniques, these estimates are very crude and provide only a guide to the overall burden of pneumonia. Recent estimates from the World Health Organization suggest that 1.9 million children die as a result of acute respiratory infection (ARI), mainly pneumonia, each year. For a number of reasons, this is likely to be an underestimate. Estimates of the morbidity burden attributable to pneumonia are also very approximate, as studies have used different and nonstandardized definitions of pneumonia. These estimates were originally used to assist with planning of ARI intervention activities ...Continue Reading

  • References18
  • Citations65
  • References18
  • Citations65

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Cost of Illness
National Health Policy
Morbidity Aspects
Meningitis, Haemophilus
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Autopsy
Acute Respiratory Infections
Vaccines
Congenital Hemidysplasia With Ichthyosiform Erythroderma and Limb Defects
Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine

Related Feeds

Bacterial Pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.

Allergy & Infectious Diseases (ASM)

Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases.

Allergy & Infectious Diseases

Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases.

Bacterial Pneumonia (ASM)

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.