Jan 7, 2014

Global changes in DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation in Alzheimer's disease human brain

Neurobiology of Aging
Natacha CoppietersMike Dragunow

Abstract

DNA methylation (5-methylcytosine [5mC]) is one of several epigenetic markers altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. More recently, attention has been given to DNA hydroxymethylation (5-hydroxymethylcytosine [5hmC]), the oxidized form of 5mC. Whereas 5mC is generally associated with the inhibition of gene expression, 5hmC has been associated with increased gene expression and is involved in cellular processes such as differentiation, development, and aging. Recent findings point toward a role for 5hmC in the development of diseases including AD, potentially opening new pathways for treating AD through correcting methylation and hydroxymethylation alterations. In the present study, levels of 5mC and 5hmC were investigated in the human middle frontal gyrus (MFG) and middle temporal gyrus (MTG) by immunohistochemistry. Immunoreactivity for 5mC and 5hmC were significantly increased in AD MFG (N = 13) and MTG (N = 29) compared with age-matched controls (MFG, N = 13 and MTG, N = 29). Global levels of 5mC and 5hmC positively correlated with each other and with markers of AD including amyloid beta, tau, and ubiquitin loads. Our results showed a global hypermethylation in the AD brain and revealed that levels of 5hmC were also signi...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Familial Alzheimer Disease (FAD)
Biochemical Pathway
DNA Methylation [PE]
Hydrogen Peroxide
Immunohistochemistry
Immunoreactivity
APP protein, human
Formalin
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Protein Methylation

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