Globally important islands where eradicating invasive mammals will benefit highly threatened vertebrates

PloS One
Nick HolmesS H M Butchart

Abstract

Invasive alien species are a major threat to native insular species. Eradicating invasive mammals from islands is a feasible and proven approach to prevent biodiversity loss. We developed a conceptual framework to identify globally important islands for invasive mammal eradications to prevent imminent extinctions of highly threatened species using biogeographic and technical factors, plus a novel approach to consider socio-political feasibility. We applied this framework using a comprehensive dataset describing the distribution of 1,184 highly threatened native vertebrate species (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered or Endangered on the IUCN Red List) and 184 non-native mammals on 1,279 islands worldwide. Based on extinction risk, irreplaceability, severity of impact from invasive species, and technical feasibility of eradication, we identified and ranked 292 of the most important islands where eradicating invasive mammals would benefit highly threatened vertebrates. When socio-political feasibility was considered, we identified 169 of these islands where eradication planning or operation could be initiated by 2020 or 2030 and would improve the survival prospects of 9.4% of the Earth's most highly threatened terrestrial ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Sep 24, 2019·Risk Analysis : an Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis·Matt Boyd, Nick Wilson
Aug 23, 2019·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Andri ManserTom A R Price
Sep 22, 2020·Ecology and Evolution·Julian Perez-CorreaTom B Letessier
Dec 29, 2020·Global Change Biology·Zachary T CarterJames C Russell
Dec 15, 2020·BMC Ecology·Takaaki Suzuki, Tohru Ikeda
Jan 26, 2021·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·Thomas Evans
Apr 4, 2021·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Carlo GargioniEmiliano Mori
Jun 23, 2021·Current Biology : CB·Deron E Burkepile

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