Jul 1, 1977

Globin RNA precursor molecules: biosynthesis and process in erythroid cells

R Bastos, H Aviv


Hybridization of labeled RNA with excess amounts of DNA complementary to globin mRNA, in conjunction with a pulse-chase technique, were used to investigate the biosynthetic pathway of globin mRNA in erythroid cells. Three species of molecules sharing common sequences with globin mRNA were detected in the nuclei of these cells, two of which are larger than the cytoplasmic globin mRNA. One species was approximately 7 times larger than globin mRNA ("27S"), and the other ("15S") was only about twice the size of cytoplasmic globin mRNA. The largest species lacked poly(A) sequences, while the others contained poly(A), After chase, the large RNA species gradually disappeared ( 1/2 = 5 min), while the cytoplasmic 10S species accumulated. From these results a model is proposed describing the biosynthetic pathway of globin RNA transcription: an early transcription product is the large molecule "27S" (approximately 5000 nucleotides long) which is then cleaved into a smaller species "15S" (approximately 1500 nucleotides). This intermediate precursor is then clipped, presumably at the 5' end, and finally converted to the exported "10S" molecule (approximately 750 nucleotides) which accumulates in the cytoplasm.

Mentioned in this Paper

Erythroid Cells
Adenine Polynucleotides
Nucleic Acid Hybridization Procedure
Transcription, Genetic
RNA Precursor
Cell Nucleus
Cleaved Cell

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